Liquid Biofuels

Liquid biofuels offer an alternative fuel for all types of internal combustion engines currently running on gasoline, diesel, or kerosene. Potential exists for passenger vehicles, trucks, ships and airplanes. REmap shows that liquid biofuels, including both conventional and advanced forms of ethanol and biodiesel, could account for 10% of transport-sector energy use by 2030, more than triple the share today.

Liquid biofuels will be key if the transport modes of shipping and aviation are to be made more sustainable. These modes make up 20% of transport energy demand, and are the fastest growing segments of any part of the transport sector. Therefore solutions, in particular for advanced biofuels, will need to be developed.

Advanced biofuels offer significant emission reductions compared to the petrol or diesel.

  • Emission reductions can be as high as 80% compared to their fossil counterparts
  • Advanced biofuels are crucial for reducing emissions in heavy-freight, shipping and aviation

For advanced biofuels, technology commercialisation and lack of investments in production capacity are the main barriers that should be overcome

  • Investment in advanced biofuel plants will need to be significantly accelerated and reverse recent trends
  • Production must be substantially increased, mainly for advanced biofuels